World Legislative Act Number 72
Whereas, the Earth Constitution has provisions for the delineation and operation of world electoral and administrative districts, specifically in Earth Constitution Article Sections: 2.4., 2.5., 5.3., 8.3., 9.1., 17.1., 17.3., 17.4., 17.5., 19.2.2., and 19.3. of the Earth Constitution. These sections suggest a standard structure for the world districts;
Whereas, prior legislation of the World Parliament has adopted world legislation giving additional standard structure to the world electoral and administrative districts, specifically provisions in World Legislative Acts 05, 11, 26, 29, 31, 54, 63, and 67 of the body of world legislation;
Whereas, Earth Constitution Article Section 13.16 states that a prime Directive Principle of Earth Federation is “encouragement for cultural diversity, encouragement for decentralized administration.”;
Whereas, science and philosophy show that self-actualizing and self-governing systems ( including the galaxies, the star systems, the planetary systems, as well as living things) produce themselves and operate in accordance with fractal mathematical processes that render the structures “as above, so below”;
As an adequately defined structure and function for world districting is essential for the provisional and operative stages of the Earth Federation;
This 15th session of World Parliament, meeting December 2021 in New Delhi, India, hereby adopts this standard structure and procedure for founding and operating world electoral and administrative districts.
- For simplicity, people and world legislation may refer to world electoral and administrative districts with the term “world district”, or with the acronyms WEAD or WD.
- The World Boundaries and Election Administration (WBEA or WCPA standing electoral commission, global) shall continue work done for districting or for re-districting from residents of the respective world districts. The WBEA shall implement the Hackett-Newcombe plan for world districting, adopting work done to date insofar as meeting Earth Constitution standards. The WBEA shall receive or draw up further proposals for world districts delineation. Polished assignment of world district lines is subject to review and approval of the World Parliament.
- World districts form as cooperative benevolent associations. World districts adhere to the internationally-accepted Rochdale Principles, q.v.: 3.1) voluntary open membership; 3.2) democratic member control; 3.3) member economic participation; 3.4) autonomy and independence; 3.5) education, training and information; 3.6) cooperation among cooperatives; and 3.7) concern for community. Participation is voluntary in the sense that participants join by intent without duress from the world district to join, yet subject to world law of Earth Constitution and Earth Federation.
- Each branch and administration (ministry) of Earth Federation manifests in similar order within each world district. Local world district residents directly elect each officer of the branches via general elections of the Earth Federation. Adult current residents of the world district who commit to maintain local district residency throughout term of office, and who otherwise qualify for office by provisions of the Earth Constitution and world legislation are eligible as candidates in world district elections. Apart from elected officers’ immediate office staff assistants, elected officers use local World Civil Service Commission to draw and appoint world district staff openings from the civil service lists. World civil service personnel hold position during competency and are not subject to political cycles.
- For world district suffrage rights, world district residents need not be citizens of any particular state or continental federation. Residents retain suffrage rights in world district elections regardless of past or current legal status. For youth preparation in duty of suffrage, youth 14 through 17 years of age have suffrage right of secret straw vote, the common results of which are public. The world courts and other Earth Federation decision-making bodies may consider the youth vote results as advisory.
- World district officers operate in a matrix-management system process, which means that world district officers are accountable to answer (report) directly to the residents of the world district, directly to the other officers of the particular world district administration, as well as directly to the Regional and global Earth Federation authorities.
- If a matter is internal to the world district, world district officers need not immediately involve regional or global Earth Federation authorities. If a matter, action or activity affects two or more world districts, the respective world district officers shall communicate immediately to a regional or global level.
- Structure – Under current population estimates, a world district composes of about 0.79 crore residents (7.9 million residents. This might reflect an electorate between about 0.7 crore and 0.4 crore adult residents. ) The world district electoral commission (WDEC) shall divide the district into ten (10) equally-populous (within +/-10%) world judicial precincts of five (5) world sub-districts of equal population within +/- 10%. Each world sub-district will contain two judicial precincts. Therefore, each judicial precinct will have approximately 7.9 lakh residents (7,90,000 or 790,000 residents, with the adult electorate being something less—perhaps 4 to 6 lakh.). The WDEC shall assign a number zero (0) through nine (9) to designate each world judicial precinct. The WDEC shall assign the number 0 to the primary World District Seat where the plurality of the respective world district offices are established or expected to be established. The WDEC shall assign ordered pairs of contiguous world judicial precincts to form sub-districts: (1,2),(3,4),(5,6),(7,8) and (9,0). Generally, bodies of water are not considered to prevent (count against) contiguity. Sub-districts do not have their own number—for simplicity, the WDEC shall assist the residents of a world district and each constituent sub-district to hold universal plurality plebiscites to assign themselves a name. The WDEC may assign interim names until the plebiscite is feasible during general elections.
- World District Officers – At general elections, each five years, the resident electorate of each world electoral & administrative district judicial precinct may vote for the following officers: 9.01. one world judicial precinct general manager; 9.02. one sub-district manager; 9.03. a judicial precinct auditor; 9.04. a sub-district auditor; 9.05. a world sub-district attorney; 9.06. a world sub-district ombudsan; 9.07. a world sub-district sheriff; 9.08. a District Public Service Commissioner; 9.09. a member to the House of Peoples; 9.10. as many world judges as the district might need to well serve the world district electoral function; 9.11. (Reserved for provision upon state preliminary ratifications of Earth Constitution.) 9.12. Any particular referendums, initiatives or plebiscites; 9.13. Youth 14 to 17 years of age may take straw vote on the above ballot, and also vote for a judicial precinct youth council representative. (Adults 18 years of age or older don’t vote for any Youth Council Representative.) Qualifications of a candidate for Youth Council Representative is affirmation of the Earth Constitution, residency in the world district, and 14 to 17 years of age at the time of the general election; and 9.14. Five Regenerative Commissioners (Regents), on district-wide ballot, as per World Legislative Act Number 06, Article 7., Section 2.
- By-elections – The World District Electoral Commission (WDEC) shall, within 30 days, call by-elections in the event of death, severe incapacitation or recall of any elected world district officer. WDEC shall conduct the by-elections within 60 days of respective vacating of office. WDEC shall conduct By-electoral inaugurations within 90 days of the respective vacating of office. Officers elected in by-election hold office until the following inauguration. By-election does not count toward any term limits.
- Recall elections – The world district electorate may recall any world district elected officer, including Members of Parliament, neither for political stance, political actions, nor alleged “moral turpitude” but for probable cause of world felony. Any district officer indicted by a grand jury determining probable cause is subject to trial in world court.
- From vote among themselves, within respective offices, the following officers shall determine an order of annual rotation to serve as the primary world district officer of the respective function: 12.1. sub-district general manager; 12.2. sub-district auditor; 12.3. sub-district attorney; 12.4. sub-district ombudsan; 12.5. sub-district sheriff; and 12.6. sub-district chief judge.
- The World District General Manager, with assistance from the sub-district managers, coordinates the administrative functions of the world district. In particular, the World District General Manager works with the Senior Administrators and the Secretariat of the Secretary General’s office. World District Auditor assesses the functions of the World District. In particular, the World District Auditor works with agencies of the Integrative Complex and with the World Ombudsmus. The Public Service Commissioner works as liaison between public utilities and the public. The Youth Council Representative works to help adults make better decisions in regards to the youth of the world, and in particular, to help discover best practices for ensuring that world youth get proper training and guidance for good participation as adults in the Earth Federation. The roles (functions) of the World District Attorney (WLA14), the World District Ombudsan (WLA31), the World District Sheriff (WLA54), World District Judges (WLA 15, 20, 24 &. 37) and other elected positions are defined in respective world legislation of the World Parliament.
- The world district standard empowers all officers of the World District to call periodic or occasional public hearings regarding their particular functions, to hear public concerns, complaints and disagreements, and to seek amiable resolution of world problems in the world district. Officers shall work with the World District Manager for scheduling of hearings.
- The world district standard encourages officers of the world district to listen to peoples’ assemblies for the understanding of world district residents’ concerns, for identification of potential candidates for world district office, and for the reception of initiative legislative actions. The World Parliament has committed support for peoples’ assemblies (WLA29). The world districts are accountable for facilitating the convening of peoples’ assemblies in conformance with World Legislative Act Number 29.
- Interim (Provisional) elections – As a voluntary cooperative, initial world district organizers may elect interim (pro tempore) officers from among themselves. Initial organizers may establish their own interim terms and term limits. Members of the World Constitution and Parliament Association (WCPA) may serve as initial organizers and officers. However, rather than WCPA membership, only at least 18 years of age, respective world district residency and affirmation of the Earth Constitution as the supreme law of Earth within humanity’s institution of law is required for interim officer posts, except for the respective five heads of the three law branches: judiciary, attorney and ombudsmus. Law branch interim officers’ qualification also requires certification from the Institute on Governmental Procedures and World Problems (IGPWP, IGPWP/WCSA) for interim service within the world district. Individuals affirming the Earth Constitution are agreeing to abide by the provisional law of the Earth Federation. Affirmants are Earth Federation citizens subject to decision of their respective world district courts and world district administrations, yet with all rights of the Earth Constitution Bill of Rights and other rights recognized by world legislation.
- For continuity of function, the world district WBEA Commission shall list the candidates for world district office in any direct popular referendum for the Earth Constitution. If ratified, then elected officers receive inauguration. Then, the world district has operative, rather than interim status. Interim service does not count toward established term limits of the Earth Federation.
- The World Parliament adopts the World District Template, Abridged (E. A. Q. Almand and K. J. Evans, 2019, or a revised version) as a standard auxiliary text for understanding, promoting, implementing and operating the world districts, with this world legislative act and any other world legislation superseding any point of variance.
- The World District may adopt its own further policies and procedures not in violation of the Earth Constitution, and not in violation of this or other world legislation, or other established administrative policies of the Earth Federation.
Annex 1. World District Template, Abridged, by Eugenia Almand and Kalani James Evans, 2019. (Under current revision to reflect world legislative actions of the 15th Session of Provisional World Parliament, 12 December 2021.) [This large document will be available on-line soon.]
Annex 2. Simple list of main elected officers in the Earth Federation (non-exhaustive list)
Simple list of main elected officers in the Earth Federation
|Sub-District Level||World District Level||Global Level|
|Adult sub-district residents elect world district officers in 5-year general elections @ 1 of each officer per sub-district of approximately 1.6 million residents.||Sub-district elections result in following world district officers per world district of approximately 7.9 million residents.||World Parliament elects Global Officers|
|1 District Public Defender (Ombudsan), 5 Regenerative Commissioners (Regents) 1 District Manager, 1 District Auditor 1 District Elections Commissioners 1 District Attorney, 1 District Sheriff 1 District Chief Judge (Chief) 1 Member of Peoples House of World Parliament (per world district)||5 District Public Defenders (Ombudsan), 5 Regenerative Commissioners (Regents) 5 District Managers, 5 District Auditors 5 District Elections Commissioners 5 District Attorneys, 5 District Sheriffs 5 District Chief Judges (Chiefs) 1 Member of Peoples House of World Parliament (per world district)||5 World Ombudsan 5 Speakers (per parliament chamber) 5 Presidents (Presidium) 5 World Attorneys General 5 Chief Justices|
Other notable features of the Earth Federation
5 Primary Functions in 5 Continents: 1) End War;2) Protect human rights;3) Economic equity;4) Regulate commerce; and5) Protect environment
Benches of World Judiciary
5 World District Benches: Human Rights, Criminal Cases, Civil Cases, Public Cases, & Juvenile Cases
5 Global Benches: Constitutional Cases, International Conflicts, Appellate Bench, Advisory Bench and Superior Tribunal
(This may also be displayed as the World District Regular Dodecahedron Mnemonic “As above, So below” in comparison simply shows tight similarity of Earth Federation global level structure with world district level structure, by correlated offices shown on opposite faces of the dodecahedron.)
Annex 3. Job description of authorities and duties for elected world district law commissioners. (World District Judges, World District Ombudsan, World District Attorneys, World District Sheriffs)
Job descriptions for law commissions
Elected World District Law Commissioners
(Was suggested as addition to WLA05 amendment bill, Article 10.4., but actually adds onto the World District Standard as an annex, as the material more directly effects three branches of Earth Federation, not merely the judicial branch.)
What is the relation between the 15 member commission (or whatever it might be called) in 10.4 and the District World Courts and their judges. In what way do they “head” the professionals in the district? What are their duties and their authority?
Three (3) law commissions of five chairs each, not one (Though the commissions might occasionally meet in joint sessions): World District Judiciary, World District Ombudmus and World District Attorneys. These commissions may have additional members or staff, but all voting members shall have qualification by IGPWP/WCSA (ECI, to start).
Basic duties are simplified in the world district standards, but the below details will be helpful, most properly in the World District Standard itself, not WLA05 Article 10.4. amendment, since the business of the job descriptions more precisely is a world district matter than is a judicial matter, since it pertains to three branches of government. These definitions are decided from the 15th session, with the adoption of the World District Standard.
World District Law Commissions (World District Judiciary, World District Ombudmus and World District Attorneys) have the following authorities and implement the following duties:
- Foremost, world district law commission officers are bound by oath (solemn undertaking) to uphold provisions of the Earth Constitution.
- to assign their respective law professionals to cases, and with World District Court Clerks, track cases.
- to make and keep performance records of all world district law professionals in their respective branch.
- to decide, in conformance with standard civil service regulations of respective branches, what to do in case of personnel issues.
- to convey instructions, court case documentation and reports that come from respective world regional offices to their respective law professionals, for coordinating cases that involve more than one world district.
- to convey instructions, court case documentation and reports to respective world regional offices from their respective law professionals, for coordinating cases that involve more than one world district.
- to report periodically to their respective Regional office.
- to conduct or order conducted warrant application or subpoena application hearings, and to issue warrants when appropriate.
- to report and keep record in real time all world warrant and world subpoena process to the other district law commissions and to regional offices of affected regional law branches (regional world courts, regional world advocates, and regional world attorneys).
- to convey any requisitions for World Marshal services or conflict resolution officers to all three World Regional law offices (judicial, advocates, and attorneys).
- to report and evaluate activities of world marshals or conflict resolution officers operating within their respective world district. World district law commissions may implement lawful recommendations made by World Marshals or conflict resolution officers.
- shall implement lawful instructions given by Regional World Attorneys, Regional World Ombudsmus or Regional World Court, subject to any lawful countermand of the World Court, World Ombudsmus or World Attorneys General.
- may requisition any reinforcements of world police or conflict resolution officers to world regional attorneys office. Then report to world regional attorneys evaluations of world police and conflict resolution officers assigned to their district.
- To send instructions to world district sheriffs regarding enforcement of probation, parole and world equity judgments. World district law commissions may evaluate activity of world sheriffs, but shall respect terms (Recalls are for probable cause or incapacity only.)
- To receive and evaluate reports from the public regarding level and quality of world district law services.
- To hold public hearings regarding issues of concern to their world district, region and world. Then record and report minutes of hearings to world regional law offices.
- To requisition to the Civil Service Commission non-elected personnel from anywhere to their respective district.
- To cooperate and comply with instructions from regional, continental or world offices to remand cases to world courts at the regional, continental or world level. (World instructions are subject to reports and review by either of the other two law branches at the world level.)
- To conduct or cooperate with work of World Reconciliation Commissions and reconciliation cases conducted by the World Human Rights Court at regional, continental or world levels.
- To keep confidential documentation and evidence for release during discovery within respective cases.
- may initiate reports directly to the World Supreme Court, the Council of World Ombudsmus and the World Attorneys General Office.
- For capital bench cases (Constitutional cases, International conflicts, Appellate Bench, Advisory Bench and Superior Tribunal), the world district law commissions shall remand world court cases directly to the most appropriate World Capital bench, without requirement of passing through any regional or continental benches.
- For world district court bench cases (Human Rights, Criminal Cases, Civil Cases, Public Cases and Juvenile Cases), world district law commissions may remand world court cases to the most appropriate World Regional bench, World Continental bench or World Capital bench, without requirement of passing through any regional or continental benches.
- For human rights bench cases (including reconciliation cases not protected by no ex post facto principle), world district judicial commissions may remand cases to a criminal case bench at any level—world district, world region, continental or world capital.
- To conduct or order conducted world district court cases according to the respective function of the particular law commission. (Three commissioners or world district judges are required for conducting any world court case. However, the only limitation regarding prosecution or defense is that there need be at least one qualified prosecutor and at least one qualified defender.)
Adopted by the Provisional World Parliament, 12 December 2021, convening from New Delhi, India, hosted by the United Services Institution of India and World Constitution and Parliament Association, India.
Deliberated and adopted by on-line participation worldwide.
Attested, Eugenia Almand, Secretary General
Provisional World Parliament
World Constitution and Parliament Association